Soft Skills Required to be Successful in STEM & STEAM

STEM Education + EdTech Resource Review

STEM Careers Personal and Professional Development

Soft Skills Needed to Be Successful in STEM & STEAM
Technology evolves and changes the way that we work, as a result, the skills needed are changing.
Verizon recently published an article called 4 Soft Skills Needed to Be Successful in STEM (Four soft skills needed to be successful in STEM.)
Let’s examine a research study

Summary of Study

Title: Fostering students’ 21st century skills through Project Oriented Problem Based Learning (POBL) in integrated STEM education program (Husin, Wan Nor Fadzilah Wan et al., 2016).
  • Students need to be equipped with the skills necessary in a global economy, especially in science and technology.
  • Study was to identify changes in 21st century skills after participating in a STEM program
  • Project Oriented Problem Based Learning (POPBL) was applied in the learning activities
  • 125 students ages 13-14 from rural areas
  • The outcome shows that the application of POPBL in STEM education could help enhance 21st century skills through learning how to solve real world problems through projects
  • 21st century skills include:
    • Digital age Literacy
    • Inventive thinking
    • Effective communication 
    • High Productivity
    • Researchers added a spiritual norms and values criteria to accommodate the Malaysian context
  • To deal with 21st century challenges, workers are required to have these skills to be creative, solve problems, and work effectively on a team.
  • To achieve this, we must help be able to help the next generation achieve those skills
  • The POPBL method is a student centered teaching and learning approach which can be summarized as
    • Student centered and able to increase commitment and motivation from the students
    • Focus is on the learning process of finding a solution
    • Is project-based and has a goal
    • Having exemplarity
    • Promotes team work

Purpose of the Study and Research Questions

  • Malaysia is focused on developing their human resources that are competitive at the global level
    • There is a decline in student interest in science
What is the level of 21st century skills of the students before they were involved in the POPBL in STEM education program?
What is the level of 21st century skills of the students after they were involved in the POPBL in STEM education program?
Was there any significant changes to level of 21st century skills of the students before and after the STEM education program? (Husin, Wan Nor Fadzilah Wan et al., 2016)
(Husin, Wan Nor Fadzilah Wan et al., 2016)

Subjects and Methods

  • Four different units were introduced for students to participate in
    • Energy
      • Balloon rocket and parachute
      • Potato battery
    • Urban infrastructure
      • Water turbine
      • Earthquake town
    • Transportation
      • Making a circuit
      • Robot programming
    • Wireless Communication
      • Flash LED
      • Cell antenna
  • Pre-test and post-test quasi-experimental design
  • 125 13-14 year olds in Malaysia
  • Majority of participant scored well on Primary School Evaluation Test (A for science and math)
  • Used a questionnaire developed from Arsad (2011) which takes 21st century skills into consideration
  • Researchers added the spiritual values component

Findings

  • Rise in all the scores except spiritual values
  • Increase in mean scores in 21st century skills
  • Significant difference in digital literacy and high productivity
  • Inventive thinking and effective communication were not significant
  • High productivity had highest increase 

Summary and Suggestions for Future Research

  • Integration of POPBL in STEM education has helped students further develop 21st century skills
  • Hands on activities
  • Students had to create new artifacts
  • Need to ensure students are equipped with spiritual values to ensure that the nation is “morally upright, whole, and well-balanced”
References
Arsad, N.M., Osman, K., & Soh, T.M.T. (2011). Instrument development for 21st century skills in Biology. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 15, 1470-1474.
Four soft skills needed to be successful in STEM.
Husin, Wan Nor Fadzilah Wan, Arsad, N. M., Othman, O., Halim, L., Rasul, M. S., Osman, K., & Iksan, Z. (2016). Fostering students’ 21st century skills through project oriented problem based learning (POPBL) in integrated STEM education program. Paper presented at the Asia-Pacific Forum on Science Learning and Teaching, , 17(1) 1-18.
=======================================
Lets connect!
IG https://www.instagram.com/DrMonthie
Facebook https://www.fb.com/DrMonthie
Twitter https://www.twitter.com/DrMonthie
Pinterest https://www.pinterest.com/DrMonthie/
LinkedIn https://www.linkedin.com/in/heathermo…
YouTube: https://goo.gl/J6DTmr
https://www.STEMpoweredTrailblazers.com


from The STEMpowered Trailblazers Podcast with Dr. Heather Monthie https://www.heathermonthie.com/soft-skills-required-to-be-successful-in-stem-steam/
via IFTTT
Powered by Blogger.